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Mae Baucher papers

Identifier: Ax 262

Scope and Contents

The Mae Baucher Papers consist of correspondence, personal papers, and photographs, predominately from her career as a missionary to China from 1926 to 1931. Some correspondence postdates her return to the United States. Although her collection is small, the correspondence contains a great deal of information about conflicts directed at missionaries by the Chinese in particular locales.

Series I, Correspondence consists of outgoing and incoming letters of Mae Baucher. The outgoing letters were sent to her family. She includes information about her Chinese experiences, writing about her language studies, her missionary service as a nurse and a teacher, and Chinese culture. She gives a detailed description of a Chinese wedding feast on September 14th, 1926 and gives her first impressions of China on April 9th, 1926. Her letters account instances of Chinese aggression towards missionaries. Baucher notes instances of military conflict and the stir of anti-Christian sentiments on January 4th, 1927. Her letter of January 20th, 1927 relays the missionaries’ flee from Yenping and the bizarre rumors that incited the outrage, as does a letter Baucher sent, written by Jennie Jones. The letters of February 20th, April 13th, 17th and June 16th contain updates of these conflicts throughout China and information about Baucher’s refuge in the Philippines. Her letter of September 10th, 1930 describes some military action of the communists. The incoming correspondence, written by relatives, missionaries and Chinese, relates several accounts of political and military turmoil. Uprisings related to Yenping’s are chillingly detailed in Dr. Bowers’ letter of March 26th, 1927 and accounted in the March 30th letter of Frederic Bankhardt. Alice Wilcox’s letter describes political turmoil in Foochow and an uprising in Hwa Nan. The missionary’s role in Chinese politics is characterized in K. W. Scheuffler’s letter of June 16th, 1927.

Series II, Miscellaneous Papers consists of personal writings of Mae Baucher, a diary and a schoolbook, as well as two published pamphlets and three newsletters of Yenping Christian missionaries. The diary contains brief entries regarding basic daily events from 1926, mostly accounting Baucher’s trip to China, her arrival, and her tutelage in Chinese. There is a Chinese vocabulary workbook. There are two published pamphlets, one tells the history of the first twelve years of Fukien University. The newsletters, copies of the “Yenping Pagoda Herald,” describe the events in Baucher’s circle of peers.

Series III, Photographs consists of photographs and photo albums from Baucher’s missionary service in China and nearby countries. There many photos of unique Chinese artifacts as well as snapshots of daily Chinese culture. There are also photos of missionaries, facilities, and the patients and environs of the Yenping Hospital.


  • 1926-1931


Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Conditions Governing Use note

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical/Historical note

Mae Baucher was a Methodist Episcopal missionary in Yenping, China. She arrived in Yenping on March 19th, 1926. She was a registered nurse, headed the nursing department for Yenping's hospital and taught nursing practices to Chinese students. Early in her missionary service, January 20th, 1927, Baucher was forced to flee Yenping for the Philippines. All missionaries in the area became the targets of Chinese antagonism. She stayed in Manila and then relocated to a hospital in Baguio where she worked until her return to China in June of 1927. When Baucher returned home on furlough in 1931, she ended up staying in order to be with her ailing mother, ending Baucher's missionary career.


0.75 linear feet (2 containers)

Language of Materials



Mae Baucher was a Methodist Episcopal missionary in Yenping, China. The collection consists of correspondence, personal papers, and photographs, predominately from her career in China from 1926 to 1931. The correspondence describe Baucher's experiences and missionary work in China, as well as Chinese aggression towards missionaries the missionaries' flight from Yenping in 1927. There is information about Baucher's refuge in the Philippines and descriptions of military action of the communists. Photographs deal with Baucher's missionary service in China and nearby countries, and include unique Chinese artifacts and depictions of daily Chinese culture. Also portrayed are missionaries, facilities, and the patient and environs of the Yenping Hospital.

Existence and Location of Copies

This collection has been microfilmed. Microfilm reels are available for purchase, or via Inter-library Loan. When requesting reels for this collection, please request: “Women’s Lives, Series 3, American Women Missionaries and Pioneers Collection, reel(s) 52-53."

Processing Information

Collection processed by Aaron Poor, 2002.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.

Guide to the Mae Baucher papers
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Finding aid prepared by University of Oregon Libraries, Archivists' Toolkit Project Team
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Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA