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Joseph Nathan Teal papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Ax 171

Scope and Contents

The collection (1900-1926) contains correspondence regarding railroad administration and rate making, the single-tax movement, copies of letters by President Woodrow Wilson, and also information and photographs of the Celio Canal construction.

The collection is roughly organized by subject.

(1) Correspondence with William G. McAdoo, George E. Chamberlain, and others concerning appointment of Teal on U. S. Railroad Administration, and McAdoo as a presidential possibility, 1918-1920.

(2) Correspondence, documents, and pamphlets on railroad rate making, relevant to Teal's pamphlet, "The Future Course of Rate Making," (Eugene, Oregon, 1918). The correspondence is with Howard Elliott, president of the Northern Pacific Railway company, J. G. Woodworth, U. S. Railroad Commission, and others, 1918-1920.

(3) Letters, clippings, documents, and broadsides on the single-tax movement in Oregon, 1911-1912. Includes copy of Oregon Equal Taxer (Portland, June 11, 1912) and vol. 1, nos. 3, 4, 5 of Single Tax Broacher (Portland, May 10, September, October 1912).

In the Miscellany file are documents related to creation of the Portland Fly Casting Club, correspondence about the Columbia River with Andrew Weiss, Gifford Pinchot, and copies of White House correspondence from Woodrow Wilson.

There is also a volume of photographs of Celilo Canal construction and operation, presented to Teal by Jay Morrow, Lt. Col., Engineers, 1915.


  • 1900-1926


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Conditions Governing Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical / Historical

Joseph Nathan Teal (1858-1929) was born in Eugene, Oregon. He became a cattle and sheep rancher in eastern Oregon. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1884.

Teal operated a law office out of Portland. He specialized in railroad rate matters, and was a strong advocate of waterways development. In 1920-1921, he served as U.S. Shipping Commissioner.


2 linear feet (2 containers) : 1 manuscript box, 1 flat box

Language of Materials



Joseph Nathan Teal (1858-1929) was an Oregon rancher, lawyer, investor, and civic leader who was an advocate of waterways development, and served as U.S. Shipping Commissioner from 1920-1921. The collection (1900-1926) contains correspondence regarding railroad administration and rate making, the single-tax movement, copies of letters by President Woodrow Wilson, and also information and photographs of Celio Canal construction.


Material within this collection is roughly arranged by subject. Any arrangement is either derived from the records' creators or custodians or from staff at the time of initial processing. It may be necessary to look in multiple places for the same types of materials.

Related Materials

Other collections relating to Joseph Nathan Teal at Special Collections and University Archives include: Joseph Nathan Teal scrapbooks, CA T221; Joseph Nathan Teal manuscripts, CB T221.

Processing Information

Collection processed by staff.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.

This collection received a basic level of processing including minimal organization and rehousing.

Description information is drawn in part from information supplied with the collection and initial surveys of the contents.

Guide to the Joseph Nathan Teal Papers
Complete Description
Tanya Parlet.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English
Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA