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Carlton Savage papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: Coll 216

Scope and Contents

The collection contains correspondence, speeches, a personal journal, political biographical files, State Department's Policy Planning Council and United Nations subject files, reviews and publicity for State Department publications by Savage, a volume of hearings before the House Judiciary Subcommittee concerning a declaration of war, and photographs.

Correspondence is organized by date, 1927-1983, and consists mainly of letters to and from Savage regarding his assignments in the State Department. Correspondents include Albert Gore, Sr., Wayne L. Morse, Nelson Rockefeller, and Sargent Shriver. Speeches written by Savage are also included.

Savage's personal journal, 1936-1937, details his work within the State Department. It is predominantly handwritten and includes accounts of daily conferences, meetings, and decisions concerning the Spanish Civil War and the process of making decisions pertaining to secret treaties and the U.S. stance toward neutrality.

Biographical and political information files include speeches, career information, clippings and press releases on President Franklin Roosevelt, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, and Senators Charles McNary and Mark Hatfield.

The State Department's Policy Planning Council files contain alphabetized subject files on cold war issues, an essay on the League of Nations, the Hull-Dewey Dulles agreement, objectives, renunciation of war, letters to the editor by Savage, and the publications Policy of the U.S. Toward Maritime Commerce in War (1934) and Peace and War: U.S. Foreign Policy, 1931-1941 (1943).

Also included in the collection are files of photocopied articles organized by publisher and date (1930-1969), and volumes titled, Hearings before House Judiciary Subcommittee-Declaration of War (1935), and U.N. - The First Fifteen Years (1960).

Dates

  • 1924-1983

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Conditions Governing Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical / Historical

Carlton Raymond Savage (1897-1990) was born near Salem, Oregon on December 28, 1897. In 1916 he graduated from Salem High School, after which he served in the U.S. Army during WWI. In 1921 he graduated from the University of Oregon with a Bachelor of Science degree, having served his senior year as student body president.

Upon graduation he became principal of the Glendale, Oregon high school. He left that position in 1922 to become the business manager of the Oregon State Normal School at Monmouth (now Western Oregon University). In 1927 Savage received his master's in international law and diplomacy from George Washington University.

Immediately after receiving his master's degree, Savage entered the State Department and worked there continuously until his retirement, serving under multiple secretaries of state. In 1936 he became an aide to Secretary of State Cordell Hull, assisting in the formulation of U.S. foreign policy, with particular attention to the issues of neutrality and belligerency prior to America's entrance into WWII.

Savage was the primary author of several publications issued by the State Department including Policy of the U.S. Toward Maritime Commerce in War (1934) and Peace and War: U.S. Foreign Policy, 1931-1941 (1943). The latter title became a national bestseller and was eventually translated into several languages.

In 1945 Savage served on the staff of the American delegation at the conference in San Francisco which established the United Nations. On May 5, 1947, Savage was appointed executive secretary of the newly created Policy Planning Council within the Department of State. The council was given the responsibility to articulate comprehensive proposals designed to ensure the achievement of the American foreign policy objectives during the postwar era and to present appropriate recommendations to the secretary of state and the under-secretary of state.

Savage received a Superior Service award in 1958 and retired in 1962. He continued to make his services available to the Policy Planning Council as a consultant after the date. Savage died at the age of 93 in Bethesda, Maryland on 1990.

Extent

2 linear feet (2 containers) : 1 record storage box, 1 clamshell box

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

Carlton Raymond Savage (1897-1990), a University of Oregon graduate, worked for the U.S. State Department helping to craft U.S. foreign policy for thirty-five years, and wrote a State Department publication that would become a national bestseller, Peace and War: U.S. Foreign Policy, 1931-1941. The collection contains correspondence, speeches, a personal journal, political biographical files, State Department's Policy Planning Council and United Nations subject files, reviews and publicity for State Department publications by Savage, a volume of hearings before the House Judiciary Subcommittee concerning a declaration of war, and photographs.

Arrangement

Material within this collection is minimally arranged. Any arrangement is either derived from the records' creators or custodians or from staff at the time of initial processing. It may be necessary to look in multiple places for the same types of materials.

Other Finding Aids

Paper finding aid with additional information is available in Special Collections & University Archives.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lisa Harrell, 1992.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.

This collection received a basic level of processing including minimal organization and rehousing.

Description information is drawn in part from information supplied with the collection and initial surveys of the contents.
Title
Guide to the Carlton Savage Papers
Status
Complete Description
Author
Finding aid prepared by University of Oregon Libraries, Archivists' Toolkit Project Team and Tanya Parlet.
Date
2012
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.
Sponsor
Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).

Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

Contact:
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA