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Lucille Cardin Crain papers

 Collection
Identifier: Coll 095

Abstract

Lucille Cardin Crain was an American author, editor, and conservative political activist who was dedicated to examining how "leftist" and "collectivist" ideas and philosophies were disseminated among women's groups and organizations and through high school and college textbooks. Collection consists largely of general correspondence, 1920-1978; correspondence (1949-1955) and organizational records of the Educational Reviewer; writings and speeches; and subject files containing articles, brochures, and documents about various individuals, organizations, and topics of interest.

Dates

  • 1920-1978

Creator

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time. Collection includes sound recordings, moving images, and digital files to which access is restricted. Access to these materials is governed by repository policy and may require the production of listening or viewing copies. Researchers requiring access must notify Special Collections and University Archives in advance and pay fees for reproduction services as necessary.

Conditions Governing Use note

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical/Historical note

The daughter of French-speaking parents, Lucille Cardin Crain was born in 1901 on Pike's River, Quebec, Canada. In 1902, she moved to the United States where she became fluent in both English and French. Crain attended St. Joseph's Academy, a French convent school in Crookston, Minnesota. between 1919 and 1920, she was a school teacher in rural Minnesota. After resigning her teaching position for health reasons, she moved to Chicago where, in 1922, and for some years thereafter, she was employed by the American Library Association. In 1929, Crain moved to New York city, where she held secretarial positions for several firms including the J. Walter Thompson Company and I.T.T. In 1938, she married Kenneth C. Crain, who did editorial work for Advertising Age and had numerous business connections in New York.

Mrs. Crain co-authored with Anne Burrow Hamilton, "Packaged Thinking for Women," which was published in American Affairs (October 1948). In "Packaged Thinking for Women," Crain and Hamilton examined the means by which "leftist" and "collectivist" ideas and philosophies are disseminated among women's groups and organizations, in particular, the League of Women Voters. This article was well-regarded by many conservatives and libertarians, and was reprinted in pamphlet-form by the League of Men Voters in September 1971. During the 1940s and 1950s, Crain wrote many other articles and editorials and gave several speeches before various political and civic groups.

Between 1949 and 1953, Crain edited The Educational Reviewer, a quarterly publication which reviewed high school and college textbooks, analyzing their contents for a "leftist" or "collectivist" bias. The Committee on Education of the Conference of American Small business Organizations, headquartered in Chicago, sponsored The Educational Reviewer, and most of its operating expenses were funded by William F. Buckley, Sr. In 1951 and 1952, three articles appeared in McCall's which were "extremely" critical of Crain and The Educational Reviewer. Consequently, they sued Arthur D. Morse, the author of one of the "damaging" articles, and McCall Corporation for libel. The first trial, in June 1955, resulted in a mistrial after five court days. In the second trial, which began November 15, 1955 and ended November 23, 1955, the jury returned a verdict favorable to the defendants by a 10-2 vote. After the second trial, the counsel for Crain and The Educational Reviewer made a motion to set aside the verdict which was denied from the bench. A second motion to set aside the jury's verdict and for a new trial, because of alleged misconduct of a juror, also was denied. The Educational Reviewer appeared in October 1953 for the last time due to insufficient funds to meet operational expenses.

Lucille Cardin Crain, however, remained active in a number of political and civic organizations. She served on the Boards of Directors of the Conference of American Small Business Organizations, the congress of Freedom, Inc., and the American Progress Foundation. She served as executive secretary for "Operation Textbook," a Textbook Evaluation Project sponsored by America's Future, and for the Committee for the Protection of American Investors in Venezuela. She was also an active member of the Vigilant Women for the Bricker Amendment.

Lucille Cardin Crain died in early 1983.

Extent

49 linear feet (97 containers)

Language of Materials

English

Arrangement note

Collection is organized into the following series: Series: Biographical MaterialsSeries: General CorrespondenceSeries: The Educational Reviewer: CorrespondenceSeries: The Educational Reviewer: Organizational RecordsSeries: The Educational Reviewer versus McCall'sSeries: WritingsSeries: SpeechesSeries: Subject FilesSeries: Photographs and Sound Recordings

Other Finding Aids

See the Collective Name Index to the Research Collection of Conservative and Libertarian Studies for a cross-referenced index to names of correspondents in this collection, if any, and 37 related University of Oregon collections, including dates of correspondence. See index instructions on use.

Processing Information note

Collection processed by Cynthia Crouch, Manuscripts Processor, August 1985. Photographs processed by Megan Dazey.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
Title
Guide to the Lucille Cardin Crain papers
Status
Revise Description
Author
Finding aid prepared by Cynthia Crouch
Date
2006
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid is in English
Sponsor
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

Contact:
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA