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Clarence Leroy Andrews papers

Identifier: Coll 067

Scope and Contents

The Clarence Leroy Andrews papers consist largely of business and personal correspondence, and published and unpublished manuscripts. This collection is a reorganization of what was previously cataloged as Ax 508 and incorporates addenda received after 1969.

The correspondence, consisting of approximately 2,000 letters, is arranged alphabetically, with major correspondents assigned individual folders. Five folders of letters from Eskimo friends follow the bulk of the correspondence. The personal and business correspondence dates from the turn of the 1900s to 1948. Major correspondents include: William F. Baldwin, Hector Chevigny, James H. Condit, Carlyle Ellis, Ben Evans, Ernest F. Jessen, Myra McDonald, Andrew J. Montgomery, George Morlander, J. M. Somendike, and Peter H. Van der Sterre. Andrews had a short correspondence with, and received some poems from, children's book author Esther Birdsall Darling. Interfiled with Andrews' correspondence are the correspondence files of Walter Sheilds, W. T. Lopp, Walter H. Johnson, and James A. Maguire, which Andrews obtained

Following the Eskimo correspondence are the W. T. Lopp files, also obtained by Andrews. This material, including correspondence, relates to education in Alaska and the reindeer service from 1908-1939. The original order is indicated by three lists filed in the first folder (2/32). The letters have been reorganized in chorological order. See also, the William T. Lopp Papers, Ax 58.

Manuscripts are divided into book length, article length, and manuscripts by others. Each section is arranged alphabetically by title. In many instance, correspondence regarding a work can be found with that manuscript. Book length manuscripts in the collection, which may not be complete, include four of at least six published works: The Eskimo and His Reindeer in Alaska; Nuggets of Northland Verse, a collection of poems about Alaska, with commentary; Story of Alaska; Wrangell and the Gold of the Cassiar. Also included is Andrews' monumental but never-published translation work, The Life of Baranof. This is made up of a biography of Baranof, his and others' letters, and a history of the Kodiak Mission, all translated from Russian by Andrews. Andrews' table of contents for the work is filed in box 2, folder 65. The introduction to The Life of Baranof, in folder 2/65 and 2/66 is placed at the end of the work because Andrews apparently did not include it for publication. Research for the work and related correspondence follow the introduction folders. Of the article length manuscripts, Robert Kennicott may have been published. There is no indication whether or not any of the others were published. The subjects of most, if not all, of Andrews' manuscripts are Alaska and Eskimos.

The series manuscripts is composed mainly of histories and journals of exploration in North America. The poems by others may have been collected for inclusion in Nuggets of Northland Verse.

The rest of the collection contains material, collected by Andrews, on Eskimos and their way of life. The retellings of Eskimo myths and customs were written for Andrews, mostly by Eskimo women with whom his corresponded. The Education in Alaska section includes multi-page bulletins compiled for teachers in Alaska by the Bureau of Education, and memory books from several Eskimo schools.

The contents of the C. L. Andrews Library at Sheldon Jackson Junior College in Sitka, Alaska, are described in the library list. Following this are folder for financial information, including income tax forms, clippings, and miscellaneous items.

Approximately 1,500 photographs are included in the Photographs series.


  • Creation: 1900-1948


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time. Glass plate negatives and lantern slides are restricted due to the fragility of the format. All decisions regarding use will be at the discretion of the curator for visual materials.

Conditions Governing Use

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical / Historical

Clarence Leroy Andrews was born October 19, 1862 in Ohio. In 1864, Andrew's father set out moving his family west, choosing to sail via the Isthmus of Panama. Mr. Andrews died on the journey, but Mrs. Andrews continued on and settled the family in Oregon.

Andrews attended Philomath College in Oregon, and between 1883 and 1896 was engaged in various jobs, moving frequently along the West Coast. In 1896, he joined an expedition to climb Mt. St. Elias in Alaska. After this he began working at a series of posts at U. S. Customs Offices in Alaska, writing for newspapers during this time.

Between 1923 and 1929, he was an employee of the Interior Department Bureau of Education and Reindeer Service in Alaska. From then on, concern about the Eskimos and their reindeer herds occupied most of Andrew's time. He was especially concerned with corporations which exploited reindeer herds, and led a campaign in the 1930s to remove Carl Momen of Seattle from control of the reindeer industry.

Andrews wrote several books about Eskimos and Alaska, published The Eskimo magazine, and researched and translated several Russian works pertaining to Alaska. C. L. Andrews died in 1948.


13.5 linear feet

Language of Materials



Clarence Leroy Andrews was an employee of the Interior Department Bureau of Education and Reindeer Service in Alaska in the 1920s. He focused on Eskimos and their use of reindeer herds, writing several books about Eskimo life in Alaska. He was especially concerned with corporations which exploited reindeer herds, and led a campaign in the 1930s to remove Carl Momen of Seattle from control of the reindeer industry. The C. L. Andrews papers consist largely of business and personal correspondence, published and unpublished manuscripts, and photographs. Important to the collection are the W. T. Lopp files that relate to education in Alaska and the reindeer service from 1908-1939.


Collection is organized into the following series: Correspondence; W. T. Lopp Papers; Manuscripts: Book Length; Manuscripts: Article Length; Manuscripts by Others; Eskimo Folklore and Customs; Education in Alaska, and Photographs.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Acquired from the estate of Mabel McLain in 1969. Additional items gift of Clem Huitt in 2007.

Existence and Location of Copies

Selected items are available online in the C. L. Andrews photographs, 1880s-1948 in Oregon Digital.

Related Materials

Other collections of C. L. Andrews are scattered throughout Northwest repositories.

Physical Description

23 boxes

Processing Information

Collection processed by staff. Photographs processed by Normandy S. Helmer, July 2004.

This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.

Guide to the Clarence Leroy Andrews Papers
Complete Description
Finding aid prepared by Molly Taylor and Vida Germano
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA