George Kleinholz collection of Bonus Expeditionary Force ephemera and artifacts
Scope and Contents
The collection contains mementos, clippings, and photographs of the march.
Mementos and clippings include the publications the B.E.F. Crusader (Vol.1 no. 1), and "General Goober at the Battle of Anacostia," by Amos Pinchot (1932), and also a "list of men and officers of the Oregon [group]...and men who signed up in [sic] route."
Photographs include fifty-three photographic prints of march participants and encampments. Photographs were removed from the collection and separated for preservation reasons, and are now shelved under the call number PH217.
- Kleinholz, George (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.
Conditions Governing Use
Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Biographical / Historical
The Bonus Expeditionary Force was a group of World War I veterans that marched on Washington, D.C in 1932 to demand early payment of bonus certificates that they were unable to redeem until 1945. George Kleinholz was regimental commander of the Oregon group of the Bonus Expeditionary Force.
Thousands of veterans marched on the Capitol in June 1932. They spent weeks camped in D.C while congress debated early payment of their bonuses. The Herbert Hoover administration, fearing possible riots, sent in military troops to quash the demonstration; the troops were commanded by General Douglas MacArthur and Major Dwight Eisenhower. The troops used bayonets and tear gas to disperse the veterans and their families on July 28, 1932.
1 linear feet (2 containers)
Language of Materials
The Bonus Expeditionary Force was a group of World War I veterans that marched on Washington, D.C, in 1932, to demand early payment of bonuses promised them. George Kleinholz was regimental commander of the Oregon group of the Bonus Expeditionary Force. The collection (1932) contains mementos, clippings, and photographs of the march and encampments.
Material within this collection is minimally arranged. Any arrangement is either derived from the records' creators or custodians or from staff at the time of initial processing. It may be necessary to look in multiple places for the same types of materials.
1 clamshell box, and 1 small photograph box.
Collection processed by staff.
Photographs processed by Megan Dazey.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
This collection received a basic level of processing including minimal organization and rehousing.
Description information is drawn in part from information supplied with the collection and initial surveys of the contents.
- Bonus Expeditionary Forces
- Clippings Subject Source: TGM II, Genre and physical characteristic terms
- Kleinholz, George
- Photographs Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Postcards Subject Source: TGM II, Genre and physical characteristic terms
- Protest movements -- Washington (D.C.) -- History -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States -- Politics and government -- 1919-1933 Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Veterans -- Political activity -- United States -- History -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Veterans -- United States -- Economic conditions -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Oregon Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Veterans -- United States Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Guide to the George Kleinholz Collection of Bonus Expeditionary Force Ephemera and Artifacts
- Complete Description
- Tanya Parlet and Kira B. Homo
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
- Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).
Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository
1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA