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Caroline Thurman Buffum, Pioneer of 1845

Identifier: CB B864

Scope and Contents note

The collection is a brief biographical narrative by Laura Judy on the life of Caroline Thurman Buffum. It offers some details into Buffum’s early life in the Northwest. The biography traces the Buffum’s migration to Oregon in 1845 and their lives in Oregon thereafter. The biography notes changes in Buffum’s family (the birth and adoption of children); highlights significant events like the Modoc War (between white migrants and local Indian nations); and celebrates the pioneering contributions of Buffum’s life (she was the first member of the Amity Christian Church).


  • circa 1885-1995


Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time.

Conditions Governing Use note

Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.

Biographical/Historical note

Laura Judy wrote three papers on “Pioneer Women of Amity” for the Amity Study Club. Judy appears to be the niece of Buffum. Little additional information on Judy is available.

Caroline Thurman was born in 1814, in Ohio. She moved to Fulton County, Illinois, where she married William Gilbert Buffum in 1828 at the age of 14 (her husband was 24). In spring of 1845, she and her husband started across the plains to Oregon. They reached Oregon in 1847. Buffum died on November 5, 1895.


0.25 linear feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



Collection comprises a short biography of Caroline Thurman Buffum, pioneer to Oregon and resident of Amity, Oregon, written by Laura Judy.

Location note

Collection is located with other small manuscripts collections.

Existence and Location of Copies note

Available in microfilm as part of: Women's lives. Series 3, American women missionaries and pioneers collection (MICROFILM BV3703 .W66 2006, reel 92); Primary Source Microfilm, 12 Lunar Dr., Woodbridge, Conn. 06525.

General Physical Description note

1 folder

Processing Information note

Collection processed by David Young, Paz Mendez, and Veta Schlimgen, manuscripts processors, completed March 2006.

Guide to Laura Judy's Biography of Caroline Thurman Buffum
Complete Description
Finding aid prepared by Veta Schlimgen
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.
Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Repository Details

Part of the University of Oregon Libraries, Special Collections and University Archives Repository

1299 University of Oregon
Eugene OR 97403-1299 USA