Scope and Contents
The collection contains original artwork, sketches, illustrations, correspondence, manuscripts, publications, photographs, and tearsheets.
The collection consists of mostly sketches, illustrations and other artwork for advertising, publications, and exhibits. Many of the illustrations are tearsheets from publications but there is a considerable number of original sketches and artwork. The July 1974 Addenda consists entirely of original artwork.
The collection also contains copies of publications and newspapers in which Helck's work appeared, along with books Helck wrote, programs and photographs of cars and car races.
The October 1974 Addenda contains correspondence. Outgoing correspondence (1944-1972) is arranged chronologically and contains over seven thousand letters. There is another section of mixed incoming and outgoing correspondence arranged alphabetically by name or organization title.
- Helck, Peter, 1893-1988 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open to the public. Collection must be used in Special Collections and University Archives Reading Room. Collection or parts of collection may be stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections and University Archives in advance of your visit to allow for transportation time. Access to oversize folders restricted due to extreme fragility.
Conditions Governing Use
Property rights reside with Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries. Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs. All requests for permission to publish collection materials must be submitted to Special Collections and University Archives. The reader must also obtain permission of the copyright holder.
Biographical / Historical
C. (Clarence) Peter Helck (1893-1988) was born in New York City on June 17, 1893. As a child he sketched the steam trains that passed near his home. In 1911, Helck began his career as a commercial artist with a New York department store, dropping out of high school to accept the position.
Helck developed an early interest in automobiles and became an avid fan of motorsport. As a young boy he got rides with race car driver Al Poole testing the latest cars from Simplex. The first race he attended was the 1906 Vanderbilt Cup on Long Island. In 1912 he studied art at the Art Students League in Manhattan (befriending fellow student Norman Rockwell), and spent many a lunchtime gazing at cars in nearby showrooms.
In 1915 Helck began freelancing in advertising art. His first major clients were Republic Trucks and Exide Batteries. A long series of advertisements for Fisk Tires began shortly thereafter, a series which he continued after discharge from Navy duty during WWI. The simplicity and strength of the Fisk ads make them outstanding examples of their genre.
An early influence was the 'grandfather' of automotive art, the legendary French artist Edouard Montaut, who depicted speed through exaggeration. Helck next went to London, where he became an assistant to muralist Frank Brangwyn. A source of realism was that he painted on the spot, not from photographs. His first published work was for the Brighton Beach Motordrome and commissions for the Sheepshead Bay Speedway soon followed. He worked on art for Motor Owner magazine, and picked up commissions with automobile manufacturers Packard, Napier, and Sunbeam. Spain was Helck's next destination, where he did Benz advertisements and a program for Royal Spanish Opera. Returning to the US, Helck assisted muralist William De Leftwish Dodge at the Nebraska State Capitol. Advertising work done at this time includes Ford Trucks and Tarvia, a paving oil manufacturer.
From the 1920s through the 1940s Helck was a very successful magazine illustrator and advertising artist, acquiring innumerable awards and recognition. His commissions frequently were of industrial scenes, or featured cars, trucks and locomotives. During that period he also painted pictures of famous automobile races.
Helck worked for most of the major car magazines of the day, in particular The Autocar, which took him to England and to major races in France and Italy. In the 1930s he was commissioned by the Sinclair Oil Company to create a five paneled road map. The result was a portfolio of lush service station scenes which did much to promote the idea of driving for pleasure.
Harvard Business School awarded Helck in 1939 for an institutional series for Westinghouse. By this time, Helck had collected Art Directors medals in New York, Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland and Chicago. During the early 1940's he worked for Mack Truck, General Electric, Republic Steel, and Timken Roller Bearing. Helck painted automobile racing scenes which were exhibited in two cities. He also illustrated for various national magazines, especially the Saturday Evening Post during 1930-1945.
A big break came in 1944 with a series of eight paintings for Esquire magazine, in which he recreated the excitement of automobile races from the first decades of the 20th century. To his great satisfaction, these pictures proved very popular, and in the following decades he developed a large market for paintings of old cars.
Helck wrote a book on old time (car) racing and after years of rewriting and refinement, Scribner's accepted "The Checkered Flag" for publication in 1959. The printing was done by Enschede in Amsterdam and Helck personally went there to supervise corrections of inconsistencies in the art reproductions. H wrote another book titled, "Great Auto Races" (Abrams, 1975).
The magazine "Automobile Quarterly" has used Helck's racing paintings. The Arkansas Art center was the scene of a major Helck exhibit (100 works) in October 1964, which led to another large exhibit at Terra Haute, Indiana. Helck's painting of De Palma is permanently exhibited in the Speedway Museum. During the 1960s, Helcks commercial work included Chevrolet Trucks, National Steel and a course for the Famous Artists School.
By the time of his passing at age 95 he had witnessed motor racing from its earliest beginnings, when men drove huge machines at tremendous speeds over rock strewn roads, to rear-engined single seaters on modern tracks. He knew drivers from Louis Wagner to Mario Andretti and his paintings documented their exploits as none before or since. Helck once said, "Perhaps the greatest satisfaction has come from producing paintings, drawings and sketches for the heroes of my boyhood, the speed kings of their day, whom I later came to know."
He was one of the founding faculty for the Famous Artists School and in 1968 he was elected by the Society of Illustrators to its Hall of Fame artists for his "distinguished achievement in the art of illustration."
A founding member of the Automotive Fine Arts Society, he was dubbed “the dean of American automotive illustrators of the 20th century.” The society’s Peter Helck Award is their highest honor, given annually at the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance to the artist whose work represents the pinnacle of automotive fine art.
According to artfact.com it is possible that Helck's real last name was Helok and that he used the aliases C. Peter Helck, Clarence Peter Helck, and Peter Helck in his professional work. (Source: artfact.com)
Biographical information Sources:
Car Art, Inc website: http://www.carart.us/products.aspx?x=2&f=artistID&v=83&t=i&ttl=artistName&tmp=2&menu=C1548
artfact.com website: http://www.artfact.com/artist/helok-c-peter-ki6w92452r
11.25 linear feet (10 containers)
Language of Materials
C. Peter Helck (1893-1988) was a writer and illustrator who became most known for his automobile and racecar illustrations. The collection contains original artwork, sketches, illustrations, correspondence, manuscripts, publications, photographs, and tearsheets.
Collection is organized into the following series: Sketches for Advertising Art, Magazines, Books, Prints, Calendar Art, Programs, Photographs, Tearsheets and Proofs, July 1974 Addenda, and a October 1974 Addenda.
6 record storage boxes, 1 solander case, 2 oversize folders, 1 flat box
Collection processed by staff, 1971-1974.
This finding aid may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
- Advertising Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Advertising -- Automobiles -- History -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Automobile driving -- Popular works. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Commercial art -- History -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Correspondence Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Helck, Peter, 1893-1988
- Helck, Peter, 1893-1988
- Illustrated periodicals -- History -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Illustrations Subject Source: TGM II, Genre and physical characteristic terms
- Illustrators -- United States Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Illustrators -- United States -- Correspondence Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Motorsports -- Popular works Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Photographic prints Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Sketches Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Tear sheets Subject Source: Art & Architecture Thesaurus
- Guide to the C. Peter Helck Papers
- Complete Description
- Finding aid prepared by University of Oregon Libraries, Archivists' Toolkit Project Team and Tanya Parlet
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Finding aid written in English.
- Funding for production of this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC).